Endive - Batavian - Cichorium endiva
Biennial Also called escarole, Batavian endive's large, broad, slightly twisted, lettuce-like leaves form round, tight-packed heads. They are well-blanched, with creamy-white deep hearts, and a bulky texture. The leaves are slightly bitter. Endive is delicious raw in salads, braised or steamed.
Soil & Water: Endive tolerates acidic soils with a pH of 5.5-7.0. Nutritional and watering requirements are moderate. Grow in similar soils as lettuce or cole crops.
Planting & Growing: Start seeds indoors 8 weeks before the last frost, or sow seed directly outdoors every 2 weeks from spring to early summer and late summer to fall. Endive may overwinter outdoors in mild winter climates.
Harvesting & Storage: Harvest leaves as needed when they are a usable size, or harvest the whole plant. Endive is best used fresh; it does not store well. Fall plants harvested after a few frosts are sweeter than their spring counterparts. To blanch, pull up and tie the outer leaves 3 weeks before harvesting.
Did You Know? Endive is extremely high in vitamin A, and rich in vitamin C, calcium, and iron.
Soil Temperature: 55-65F
Planting Depth: 1/4"
Germination: 5-12 Days
Height At Maturity: 12"-16"
Days To Maturity: 85-90 Days
Sun/Shade: Partial Sun
Spacing After Thinning: 12"
Approx Seeds per 1 oz: 15,000
4.5 x 3.75 x 0.5 inches.