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Choose the Right Avocado for Your Region

By on October 10, 2013

Tricia is about to plant two Mexican avocados in Northern California. Match the tree's country of origin to your climate.

Avocado trees are divided into three main types: Guatemalan, Mexican, and West Indian.

Mexican Avocados

Mexican varieties are the most cold tolerant and need protection for the foliage at 20°F. Mexican types are the least salt tolerant and are typically grown in California.

These avocados are Mexican avocados:
Mexicola
Stewart
Zutano

Guatemalan Avocados

Guatemalan varieties are in between the other two. They’re popular in Texas because they’re relatively cold and salt tolerant.

These avocados are Guatemalan x Mexican:
Bacon
Hass
Little Cado

West Indian Avocados

West Indian varieties are the least cold tolerant, and need protection at 32°F. West Indian types are the most salt tolerant and do very well in Florida.

Select the avocados that suit your soil and climate. For the best pollination, plant a tree with A flowers and one with B flowers. We explain the flower types here.

Watch our Growing Avocados video for planting, pruning, and harvesting tips—and enjoy your homegrown avocados in so many ways!

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