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Tiered cordons decorate the side of this barn.
Espalier is a beautiful and functional way to grow fruit trees. In our latest video, Tricia talks about the techniques needed to prune and train an espalier. Espaliered trees and plants may be time intensive to maintain but they repay you in high fruit production in a very small space. If you’re considering adding an espalier to your garden, the first step is planning. Choose a shape you find beautiful and appropriate for the space you’re filling.
This type of tree training may date back to ancient Egypt and was practiced by the Romans. The practice was refined into to high art in 17th century Europe. Espalier, as you may have guessed, is a French word borrowed from the Italian for “something to lean against.” The word originally referred only to the trellis the tree was trained upon. In modern use it means the tree, the trellis, and the act of training the tree.
Espalier forms are usually divided into two styles: formal and informal.
Informal espaliers are much more free form and can be any shape as long as they are trained to have only hight and width. Informal espaliers may not need a trellis to support them.
Informal Fan - Let your fancy go and choose naturally fanning branches. Use branch bending techniques to fill out the shape.
Formal espaliers follow a very defined pattern, although each pattern has multiple names and variations. These shapes are sure to garner attention in any yard.
Formal Fan - Big blank wall of a house? The formal fan is perfect. The formal fan creates beautiful leading lines to draw the eye to a focal point such as a fountain or statuary.
Palmette Oblique - The palmette oblique gives you the desirable leading lines of the formal fan but in a taller, narrower package.
Belgian Fence - Instead of an unsightly board fence grow a Belgian fence for a privacy screen.
Drapeau Marchand - Forget the photinia and grow an attractive, productive hedge with the drapeau marchand espalier form.
Tiered Horizontal Cordon - This is an easy formal espalier form ideal for creating a living fence. There are many variations of horizontal cordons. Create a form with with one, two, three or more tiers of horizontal cordons.
Candelabra - Imagine a single cordon with more vertical flare and you have this striking form. Use it along a fence where more vertical fill is desired than horizontal cordons provide.
Palmette Verrier - Similar to the candelabra form, but more upright in form. Use the palmette verrier for those tricky, narrow areas or for an alcove.
Triple U-Shape - Think of it as a cross between the upright palmette verrier and the spreading candelabra forms.
May 31st, 2014 at 9:03 am
Is there a book on espallier methods that you can recommend?
Stephanie Brown Says:
Jun 2nd, 2014 at 8:16 am
The book “Pruning Made Easy” has some more in depth advise on pruning: http://www.groworganic.com/pruning-made-easy.html
They are such beautiful trees, good luck with training your tree.