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Integrated Pest Management

July 5, 2012 - GrowOrganic
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New organic gardeners are often most enthusiastic about and most worried about organic pest control. These gardeners want to stop using chemical sprays on their plants—on the other hand, they’re afraid insects and diseases will run amok if they can’t blast away with the conventional poisons. Organic pest control One of the major differences between organic gardening and conventional gardening is in pest control. Conventional gardeners often wait until an insect, animal or disease…
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With Integrated Pest Management or IPM, pest control does not  mean waiting until June and then grabbing the most toxic spray around to wipe out the summer pests in your garden. You’d probably wipe out the honeybees, ladybugs, and all the other beneficial insects too. IPM is a system of pest control. Learn how you can use some easy preventive methods to keep diseases and pests at the lowest levels, with the least toxic methods. In our latest video, Tricia explains how Integrated Pest Management…
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Video Transcript
Hi I'm Tricia an organic gardener, every gardner has to deal with pests today we're gonna talk about integrated pest management or IPM for short. With integrated pest management you use a combination of different types of controls rather than just one all by itself and they're basically four different types of controls. There are biological controls meaning you use a pests natural enemy like lady bugs for aphids or bacillus thuringiensis, also called bt for mosquitoes. Cultural controls are aimed at making the environment unsuitable for pests for example don't leave dropped apples around your trees for pests to over winter in. Mechanical controls are very effective, these are controls like fences for deer, copper wire for slugs and snails and traps and then there's chemical controls which are pesticides.

In IPM pesticides are a last resort as an organic gardener I use natural sprays like insecticidal soap, spinosad and neem oil and using a combination of these controls at the right time is key to IPM and the acronym P A M S will help you know what to do and when to do it "P" stands for preventive. For example to help prevent problems use disease and pest free seeds and transplants. Another way to take some preventive measures is the setup your irrigation to water in the early morning instead of in the evening watering in the evening can promote fungus growth. To prevent problems keep a tidy garden remove any weeds or diseased or dead plants and rotten fruit any of that can harbor pests and "A" is for avoidance you want to avoid damage by pest that are present. Practice crop rotation in other words don't plant garlic and onions in the same place two years in a row. Choose plants that are resistant to diseases that are known to be in your area for example these contender beans resist mildew, put bird net over your cherries and berries. "M" is for monitoring pay attention to what's happening in your garden identify and keep track of what kinds of pests and diseases you see. I'm putting up a pheromone trap and that will let me know if the specific pest is present if you find that pets are present that's time for the last step of P A M S, suppression. Suppression techniques include weeding, you can use several types of pheromone lures to trap out insects like thrips or cucumber beetles. The suppression technique that we're most familiar with is spraying with an insecticide or fungicide. Spraying should be your last resort since many will kill beneficial insects as well try the spray first with the least environmental impact this may sound complicated but don't worry you're not in it alone contact your local ag extension office or your local master gardeners they have strategies for I P M controls for virtually every kind of pest so get your pests before they get your harvest and grow organic for life!

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Solutions: Ants, Aphids, Apple Maggots, Caterpillars, Chinch Bugs, Cockroaches, Codling Moths, Colorado Potato Beetle, Corn Earworms, Cucumber Beetles, Cut Worms, Earwigs & Sow Bugs, Flea Beetle, Fleas, Flies, Fruit Flies, Grasshoppers, Grubs, Gypsy Moths, Japanese Beetles, Leafhoppers, Leafminers, Loopers, Mealybugs, Mites, Mosquitoes, Nematodes, Oriental Fruit Moth, Psyllids, Slugs & Snails, Stink Bugs, Stored Grain Pests, Termites, Thrips, Wasps, Whiteflies, Yellow Jackets, Anthracnose, Bacterial Spot or Bacterial Blight, Botrytis, Brown Rot, Damping Off, Fireblight, Peach Leaf Curl, Powdery Mildew, Scale

Categories: Animal & Bird Control, Rodent Control, Squirrel Trap, Deer Control, Mouse Traps, Gopher Traps, Mole Traps, Rodent Bait, Rodent Repellent, Live Trap, Bird Control, Deer Repellent, Tree Guards, Organic Pest Control, Diatomaceous Earth, Neem Oil, Insect Trap, Insecticidal Soap, Organic Pesticide, Natural Insecticide, Horticultural Oil, Insect Lure, Insect Control, Beneficial Insects, Beneficial Nematodes, Ladybugs, Organic Fungicide, Organic Weed Control, Weed Torch, Organic Herbicide, Weed Fabric, Solarization, Pre-Emergent, Mulch Plastic, Biodegradable Mulch, Pest Management, Organic Gardening 101, Urban Gardening & farming


Peggy Wells Says:
Jul 7th, 2012 at 3:01 pm

Perhaps you can help me with contact information for Young Industries, maker of the MP-5, which you featured in a recent video on fertilization.  I need to order bags for my MP-5, but none of the phone numbers I have are good.  How do you order bags?

Thank you,
Peggy Wells
Desert Spring Nursery
Albuquerque, NM

Charlotte from Peaceful Valley Says:
Jul 18th, 2012 at 3:51 pm

Peggy, We carry both the 5 gal. and 2 gal. replacement bags for the Young Mixer Proportioner http://www.groworganic.com/irrigation/fertilizer-injector.html Is that what you are looking for?

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