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Generally late blooming, apple trees need full sun, well-drained soil, and moderate fertility. Can be susceptible to codling moth, apple scab, powdery mildew and gophers. Generally cross-fertile, (pollenized by a different variety... three or more varieties are best).
All semi-dwarf trees are on M-111 rootstock which tolerates wet soil, dry soil & poor soil. It also resists woolly apple aphids and collar rot and is a great all-around rootstock for apples. Semi-dwarf trees will grow to 15'-25'. Trees are 2 years old and should begin to fruit in their 4th or 5th year.
Dwarf apple trees are grafted onto either Geneva 935 or M-27 which are extremely dwarfing rootstocks for apples. M-27 trees are dwarfed to 6-8 ft. and Geneva 935 are dwarfed to 8-10 ft. and are heavier bearing. Both are ideal for high density planting, for small spaces in the garden and are good for container growing. Small root systems and young trees may need staking.