Sunflower - Titan (Heirloom) - Helianthus annuus
Annual - This choice of strain of traditional mammoth sunflower has been reselected and saved by generations of seed savers for handsome, strong plants that reach up 12 - 14' tall to follow the sun. Each stalk is topped with a beautiful golden flower face with a dark center disk. When petals drop and the seeds mature, harvest the heads of plump kernels for a bountiful crop of sunflower seeds for fiber-rich, tasty snacks or as a welcome feast for songbirds.
Soil Temperature: above 50°F
Planting Depth: 1"
Germination: 8-10 Days
Height At Maturity: 12-15 feet
Sun/Shade: Full Sun
Spacing After Thinning: 12-18"
Approx Seeds per Pack: 30-35 Seeds
While Renee's Garden seeds are not all certified organic, they do not sell treated or GMO seeds and have signed the "Safe Seed Pledge.”
Planting & Care
Soil & Water:Make several sowings several weeks apart to have a succession of flowers in full bloom. Keep soil moist and well-weeded and protect very young seedlings from birds with netting or plastic berry baskets, removing before plants get crowded. For large flower heads, space properly so the big plants have room to grow to full size. Prefer good garden soil. Amend soil with a slow release fertilizer if soil is poor - not too high in nitrogen or flowers will be sparse.Once established, plants are somewhat drought tolerant.
Planting & Growing: To Plant Outdoors: Plant in full sun when weather is warm and settled both day and night and all danger of frost has passed. Poke seeds into well-worked soil about 1" deep, 6" apart. Press soil firmly over seeds and keep moist until seedlings emerge in 8 - 10 days. Thin to 12 - 18" apart when seedlings are large enough to handle. Make rows 3 feet apart.To Start Indoors: Several weeks before the last frost date, sow seeds 1" deep in individual pots of well-drained seed starting mix. Keep moist and provide a strong light source until ready to plant outside when seedlings are large enough to handle. When weather has warmed into the 50°F range, transplant 12-18" apart in full sun, disturbing the roots as little as possible.
Harvest & Use: As petals drop, bees pollinate the florets in each head and seeds begin to mature. When center disk florets have dried up, cover the ripening seed heads loosely with paper bags to foil pilfering birds. When ripened kernels are plump and hard-shelled, cut entire heads, dry fully, then remove the seeds by hand or by rubbing over a wire screen into a basket. Store in closed containers to eat for snacks or feed to the birds over the winter.