Choose the Right Avocado for Your Region

Choose the Right Avocado for Your Region
Avocado trees are divided into three main types: Guatemalan, Mexican, and West Indian.

Mexican Avocados

Mexican varieties are the most cold tolerant and need protection for the foliage at 20°F. Mexican types are the least salt tolerant and are typically grown in California. These avocados are Mexican avocados: Mexicola Stewart Zutano

Guatemalan Avocados

Guatemalan varieties are in between the other two. They're popular in Texas because they're relatively cold and salt tolerant. These avocados are Guatemalan x Mexican: Bacon Hass Little Cado

West Indian Avocados

West Indian varieties are the least cold tolerant, and need protection at 32°F. West Indian types are the most salt tolerant and do very well in Florida. Select the avocados that suit your soil and climate. For the best pollination, plant a tree with A flowers and one with B flowers. We explain the flower types here. Watch our Growing Avocados video for planting, pruning, and harvesting tips -- and enjoy your homegrown avocados in so many ways!
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I live in Salem Oregon, zone 8, and we get a fair amount of rain. What variety would you recommend for outdoor?


Mark, my best suggestion is to visit a local nursery or talk to your local master gardeners for advice on varieties that would work in your area.

Suzanne at

Santos, what I have found are the following varieties: Butler, Fuchs, Maoz, Pollock, Ruchle, Russell, Simmonds, Trapp, and Waldin. But you should check with your local nursery as to what is available in your area.

Suzanne at

Hello. You gave a few names of Mexican & Guatemalan avocados. Could you give some names of West Indian avocados?

Thank you!


Daniel, the Guatemalan varieties seem to be what you are looking for. I would check around at your local nurseries to see if they are available.

Suzanne at

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