Specialty non-legumes are planted to take care of a particular problem in a hurry, be it weed suppression, erosion control, or to break up compacted soil. Often planted in combination with a legume. These non-legumes will also attract beneficial insects and provide substantial quantities of organic matter to the soil when tilled under. Varieties include Daikon, Mustard and Phacelia.
What are the benefits of cover crops?
- Increases organic matter and available nitrogen
- Increases earthworms and beneficial microorganisms
- Stabilizes soil to prevent erosion
- Brings deep-rooted minerals to the surface
- Improves water, root and air penetration of soil
- Increases the soil’s moisture-holding capacity
- Breaks up subsoil and plow-soles
- Provides aesthetic value and color
- Provides habitat, nectar, and pollen for beneficial insects while choking out weeds