Specialty non-legumes are planted to take care of a particular problem in a hurry, be it weed suppression, erosion control, or to break up compacted soil. Often planted in combination with a legume. These non-legumes will also attract beneficial insects and provide substantial quantities of organic matter to the soil when tilled under. Varieties include Daikon, Mustard and Phacelia.
What are the benefits of cover crops?
Increases organic matter and available nitrogen
Increases earthworms and beneficial microorganisms
Stabilizes soil to prevent erosion
Brings deep-rooted minerals to the surface
Improves water, root and air penetration of soil
Increases the soil’s moisture-holding capacity
Breaks up subsoil and plow-soles
Provides aesthetic value and color
Provides habitat, nectar, and pollen for beneficial insects while choking out weeds